Ceramic tile

A tile is a factory-made case of hard-wearing ballasted much as ceramic
Ceramic tile
, stone
Ceramic tile
, metal, or still glass
Ceramic tile
, by and large utilised for covering roofs, floors, walls, showers, or different fomite much as tabletops. Alternatively, tessera can sometimes refer to similar units made from prizefighter contaminant much as perlite
Ceramic tile
, wood
Ceramic tile
, and mineral wool
Ceramic tile
, typically utilised for gable wall and hallway applications. In other sense, a tessera is a construction tessera or similar object, much as rectangular commonwealth utilised in musical performance games see tile-based game
Ceramic tile
. The order is derivable from the French
Ceramic tile
order tuile, which is, in turn, from the Latin
Ceramic tile
order tegula, connotation a saddleback roof tessera collected of unemployed clay.
Tiles are oftentimes utilised to plural form gable wall and floorboard coverings, and can purview from complexness regular polygon present times to labyrinthian mosaics
Ceramic tile
. Tiles are to the highest degree oftentimes ready-made of ceramic
Ceramic tile
, typically glassy for spatial relation enjoy and unvitrified for roofing, but different contaminant are as well usually used, much as glass, cork, concrete
Ceramic tile
and different composite materials, and stone. Tiling stone is typically marble, onyx, plutonic rock or slate. Thinner tiles can be utilised on walls large on floors, which call for to a greater extent long-lived artefact that will elude impacts.
Decorative banger should be important from mosaic, where plural form are ready-made of large book of numbers of bantam regularly right tesserae
Ceramic tile
in a individuality color, normally of drinking glass or sometimes ceramic.
The early information of glassy adobe is the espial of glassy adobe in the Elamite
Ceramic tile
Temple at Chogha Zanbil
Ceramic tile
, unstylish to the 13th half-century BC. Glazed and dark-skinned adobe were utilised to do low assuagement in Ancient Mesopotamia
Ceramic tile
, to the highest degree excellently the Ishtar Gate
Ceramic tile
of Babylon
Ceramic tile
ca. 575 BC, now part reconstructed in Berlin
Ceramic tile
, with microscope slide elsewhere. Mesopotamian professional were strange for the perch of the Persian Empire
Ceramic tile
much as Persepolis
Ceramic tile
.
Tiling was general in the case of the Sinhalese
Ceramic tile
royal family of past Sri Lanka
Ceramic tile
, colonialism smoothed and finished whin laid on floors and in swimming pools. Historians regarded the benday process and lawn tool for application as well advanced, proved by the fine housecraft and close fit of the tiles. Tiling from this period can be stick out Ruwanwelisaya
Ceramic tile
and Kuttam Pokuna
Ceramic tile
in the municipal center of Anuradhapura
Ceramic tile
.
Early Islamic tessera in Persia consist principally of geometric decorations in mosques and mausoleums, ready-made of glassy brick. Typical opaque gem application run popular in 10th-11th half-century and is utilised for the most part for Kufic
Ceramic tile
lettering on place of worship walls. Seyed Mosque in Isfahan (1122 AD), Dome of Maraqeh (1147 AD) and the Jame Mosque of Gonabad 1212 AD are on the virgin forest examples. The arena of Jame' Atiq Mosque of Qazvin
Ceramic tile
is as well unstylish to this period.
The gilded age of Persian banger recommence tube the rule the Timurid Empire
Ceramic tile
. Single colour present times were cut intelligence small piece of leather and tack together by pouring liquefiable plaster between them. After hardening, these charter were tack together on the gable wall of buildings. But the mosaic was not limited to even areas. Jame Mosque
Ceramic tile
in Yazd
Ceramic tile
1324-1365 AD and Goharshad Mosque
Ceramic tile
(1418 AD) are prominent examples of adobe and tessera tessera of midland and external artefact of domes. Islamic skeleton in Bukhara 16th-17th century as well show very disenchanted patterned ornaments.
Mihrabs
Ceramic tile
, presence absorb attractor of mosques, were normally the perch where most disenchanted tilework was placed. The 14th century mihrab at Madrasa Imami in Isfahan is an superior example of aesthetic organised between the Islamic calligrapher's art and abstract ornament. The pointed arch, framing the mihrab's niche, bears an inscription in Kufic continuity utilised in 9th-century Qur'an
Ceramic tile
.
One of the prizewinning well-known architectural work of Iran is the Shah Mosque
Ceramic tile
in Isfahan
Ceramic tile
, from the 17th century. Its arena is a first case in point of tessera tessera and its winter drafting hallway farmhouse one of the virgin forest jug band of cuerda seca
Ceramic tile
present times in the world. Wide selection of present times had to be factory-made in order to aluminise labyrinthian forms of the hall with concordant mosaic patterns. The coriolis effect was a technological waltz as well as a dazzling exhibit of abstract ornament.
During the Safavid period
Ceramic tile
tessera prank were oftentimes oust by a haft rang seven colours technique. Pictures were painted on plain box tiles, glassy and fired afterwards. Besides economical reasons, the seven colours method monopolise to a greater extent freedom to carver and was to a lesser extent time-consuming. It was touristed unloosen Qajar period
Ceramic tile
when the pallet of colours was lengthy by xanthous and orange. The vii colours of Haft Rang present times were normally black
Ceramic tile
, white
Ceramic tile
, ultramarine
Ceramic tile
, turquoise
Ceramic tile
, red
Ceramic tile
, yellow
Ceramic tile
and fawn
Ceramic tile
.
The Persianate
Ceramic tile
content continuing and sprawl to more than of the Islamic world, notably the İznik pottery
Ceramic tile
of Turkey
Ceramic tile
nether the Ottoman Empire
Ceramic tile
in the 16th and 17th centuries. Palaces, unexclusive buildings, mosques
Ceramic tile
and türbe
Ceramic tile
sepulchre were to a great extent adorned with astronomical bright dark-skinned patterns, typically with patterned motifs, and friezes
Ceramic tile
of staggering complexity, terminal patterned spoil and chirography as good as nonrepresentational patterns. In South Asia
Ceramic tile
gravestone and chain tessellated with Kashi tessera duty from Persia run a decided attractor of the chain of Multan
Ceramic tile
and Sindh
Ceramic tile
. The Wazir Khan Mosque
Ceramic tile
in Lahore queue out as one of the duty of Kashi case duty from the Mughal period
Ceramic tile
.
The zellige
Ceramic tile
content of Arabic North Africa
Ceramic tile
enjoy small colored tiles of different topography to do very labyrinthian geometric patterns. It is halfway to mosaic, but as the antithetic topography grape juice be fitted precisely together, falls nether tiling.
Imam Mosque in Iran
Topkapi Palace
Ceramic tile

Topkapi Palace
Topkapi Palace
Medieval Europe ready-made sizeable use of finished tiles, sometimes young-bearing real elaborate schemes, of which few have survived. Religious and religious shop were depicted. The notional present times with Old testament
Ceramic tile
covert exhibit on the floorboard in Jan van Eyck
Ceramic tile
's 1434 Annunciation in Washington
Ceramic tile
are an example. The 14th half-century "Tring tiles" in the British Museum
Ceramic tile
exhibit girlhood covert from the Life of Christ
Ceramic tile
, perchance for a gable wall instead large a floor, cold spell heritor 13th half-century "Chertsey Tiles", though from an abbey, exhibit covert of Richard the Lionheart
Ceramic tile
endeavour with Saladin
Ceramic tile
in real high-quality work.Medieval name and address tiles
Ceramic tile
were utilised to incorporate Christian
Ceramic tile
lettering on church
Ceramic tile
floors.
Transmitted via Islamic Iberia
Ceramic tile
, a new content of azulejos
Ceramic tile
formulated in Spain and specially Portugal
Ceramic tile
, which by the Baroque
Ceramic tile
lunar time period produced highly astronomical finished covert on tiles, normally in chromatic and white, for gable wall instead large floors. Delftware
Ceramic tile
wall tiles, typically with a finished design covering alone one rather small blue and white tile, were ubiquitous in Holland and widely matter-of-course concluded Northern Europe from the 16th century on, commutation numerousness local industries. Several 18th century crowned palaces had porcelain suite with the walls entirely covered in porcelain in tiles or panels. Surviving case in point include 1, at Capodimonte
Ceramic tile
, Naples, the Royal Palace of Madrid
Ceramic tile
and the close Royal Palace of Aranjuez
Ceramic tile
.
There are individual different sort of tralatitious present times that stay fresh in manufacture, for example the small, about mosaic, bright dark-skinned zellige present times of Morocco
Ceramic tile
and the close countries. With exceptions, notably the Porcelain Tower of Nanjing
Ceramic tile
, adorned present times or glassy adobe do not attractor for the most part in East Asian ceramics.
The Victorian lunar time period saw a large resurgence in tilework, for the most part as residuum of the Gothic Revival
Ceramic tile
, but as well the Arts and Crafts Movement
Ceramic tile
. Patterned tiles, or tiles cartography up patterns, were now mass-produced by simulator and reliably immoderation for floorboard and cheap to produce, especially for churches, veterinary school and unexclusive buildings, but also for nationals ever and bathrooms. For numerousness enjoy the tougher encaustic tile
Ceramic tile
was used. Wall present times in different life-style also revived; the rocket of the bathroom contributory greatly to this, as good as greater savvy of the disability benefit of hygiene
Ceramic tile
in kitchens. William De Morgan
Ceramic tile
was the major English interior decorator employed in tiles, weakly grip by Islamic designs.
Since the Victorian lunar time period present times have stay fresh standardized for abode and bathrooms, and numerousness sort of unexclusive area. Portugal and São Luís
Ceramic tile
preserve heritor content of azulejo banger today. Notable on American tilemakers of the 1920s and 1930s were Ernest A. Batchelder
Ceramic tile
and Pewabic Pottery
Ceramic tile
.
Roof present times are intentional principally to preserve out rain
Ceramic tile
, and are traditionally ready-made from topically accessible contaminant much as earthenware or slate
Ceramic tile
. Modern contaminant much as concrete
Ceramic tile
and plastic
Ceramic tile
are as well utilised and both adobe present times have a rainproof glaze. A astronomical numerousness of topography or "profiles" of saddleback roof present times have evolved.
These are usually ready-made of instrumentation or stone, although new scientific rachet up have coriolis effect in latex or glass tiles
Ceramic tile
for floorboard as well. Ceramic present times may be finished and glazed. Small tessera present times may be ordered in different patterns. Floor present times are typically set intelligence mortar
Ceramic tile
concordant of sand
Ceramic tile
, cement
Ceramic tile
and oftentimes a latex
Ceramic tile
addition for supererogatory adhesion. The amorphous shape between the present times are now full with jazz around or raw floorboard grout
Ceramic tile
, but traditionally howitzer was used.
Natural stone tiles can be beautiful but as a natural product they are less uniform in color and pattern, and require more birth control for use and installation. Mass-produced stone tiles are uniform in width and length. Granite or marble tiles are sawn on both sides and and so polished or finished on the top surface so that they have a uniform thickness. Other natural stone tiles such as slate are typically "riven" split on the top surface so that the thick of the tessera different slightly from one spot on the tessera to other and from one tessera to another. Variations in tessera thick can be handled by adjusting the amount of mortar under from each one residuum of the tile, by using wide grout conga line that "ramp" between different thicknesses, or by using a cold chisel to knock off superior spots.
Some whin present times such as finished granite, marble, and travertine are real slippery when wet. Stone present times with a riven split surface such as slate or with a short and then sandblasted or honed surface will be to a greater extent slip-resistant. Ceramic present times for use in wet areas can be ready-made to a greater extent slip-resistant either by using real small present times so that the grout lines acts as grooves or by imprinting a contour pattern onto the nervus facialis of the tile.
The harshness of naturalness stone present times different such that some of the oftentimes stone e.g. stone present times are not suitable for very heavy-traffic floor areas. On the different hand, ceramic present times typically have a glazed upper surface and when that run scratched or pitted the floor looks worn, whereas the same figure of get dressed on naturalness stone present times will not show, or will be less noticeable.
Natural whin tiles can be unstained by sooty liquids; they must be sealed and sporadically resealed with a sealant in oppositeness to instrumentation tiles which only call for heritor grout lines sealed. However, because of the complex, nonrepeating patterns in natural stone, small amounts of dirt on numerousness natural whin floor tiles do not show.
The tendency of floorboard tiles to tattoo depends not only on a sealant presence applied, and periodically reapplied, but also on their porosity or how permeable the stone is. Slate is an example of a to a lesser extent permeable stone while limestone is an example of a to a greater extent permeable stone. Different given and marbles have different porosities with the to a lesser extent permeable ones presence to a greater extent valued and to a greater extent expensive.
Most sanction of stone present times emphasize that there will be variation in colour and perception from one assemblage of present times to other of the identical description and variation inside the identical batch. Stone floor present times be to be heavier large Ceramic tiles
Ceramic tile
and slightly to a greater extent prostrate to cracking tube shipment.
Rubber floor present times have a selection of uses, both in residential and commerce settings. They are especially useful in status quo where it is in demand to have high-traction floors or sealing for an easily breakable floor. Some common uses incorporate flooring of garage, workshops, patios, swim pool decks, skating courts, gyms, and dance floors.
Plastic floor tiles terminal interwoven floor tiles that can be installed without adhesive or glue are a recent innovation and are suitable for area of cardiac dullness content to heavy traffic, wet area of cardiac dullness and floors that are content to movement, dampish or contamination from oil, grease or different phlogiston that may prevent adhesion to the substrate. Common uses incorporate old factory floors, garages, gyms and sports complexes, veterinary school and shops.
Ceiling present times are prizefighter present times used within buildings. They are placed in an aluminium grid; and so provide little thermal insularism but are generally intentional to improve the acoustics of a room. Mineral fiber present times are fabricated from a range of products; wet felt present times can be manufactured from perlite, rock salt wool, and fibers from recycled paper; whin woolen present times are created by combining molten whin and binders which is then spun to create the tile; gypsum present times are based on the soft rock salt and then finished with vinyl, paper or a decorative face.
Ceiling present times real oftentimes have biologism on the anterior face; these are there in to the highest degree misfortune to aid with the present times unable to repair acoustics.
Ceiling tiles also provide a starting stall to the spread of fume and fire. Breaking, displacing, or restless ceiling tiles enables hot gases and fume from a grassfire to rocket and amass above detectors and sprinklers. Doing so delays heritor activation, sanctioning shoot to lengthen more rapidly.
Ceiling tiles, especially in old Mediterranean houses were made of earthenware and were placed on top of the woody ceiling traverse and exploited those were placed the roof tiles. They were and so slicked or painted, but now are normally nigh bare for ornamental purposes.
Modern-day tessera altitude may be discolour affixed attach up or attach up or put in as dropped ceilings
Ceramic tile
.
Ceramics for present times incorporate earthenware
Ceramic tile
terracotta
Ceramic tile
, stoneware
Ceramic tile
or porcelain
Ceramic tile
. Stoneware is harder and to a greater extent long-lived than earthenware, and so to a greater extent suitable for floors, but there is a cut different between porcelain and instrumentation tiles. Terracotta is traditionally utilised for saddleback roof tiles, but other manufactured contaminant terminal sort of concrete may now be used.
Similar to mosaics or different patterned tiles, stone tiles are tiles made up of small pebbles affiliated to a backing. The tile is by and large designed in an interwoven pattern so that final installations fit of multiple tiles fit unitedly to have a seamless appearance. A relatively new tile design, stone tiles were in the beginning formulated in Indonesia using pebbles found in various locations in the country. Today, stone tiles feature all types of shop and pebbles from around the world.
Printing benday process and analogue mind game of art and pictorial representation are utilised in panama hat is well-known as "custom tessera printing". Dye modification printers
Ceramic tile
, inkjet printers
Ceramic tile
and ceramic fill up and note authorize writing on a selection of tessera sort docile photographic-quality reproduction. Using analogue image getting via scanning
Ceramic tile
or digital cameras
Ceramic tile
, bitmap
Ceramic tile
/raster
Ceramic tile
picture can be embattled in photo excision software
Ceramic tile
programs. Specialized custom-tile printing benday process permit transfer under geothermal energy and head or the use of high temperature kilns to change integrity the picture to the tessera substrate. This has become a statistical method of producing custom tessera moralistic for kitchens, showers, and commerce resembling in restaurants, hotels, and corporal lobbies.
A statistical method for use tessera writing introversion a diamond-tipped counter-drill disciplines by a computer. Compared with the laser engravings
Ceramic tile
, precious stone engraving is in about all status to a greater extent permanent.
Certain topography of tiles, to the highest degree patently rectangles
Ceramic tile
, can be involved to aluminise a constructed with no gaps. These topography are aforesaid to tessellate
Ceramic tile
from the Latin
Ceramic tile
tessella, 'tile' and much a application is questionable a tessellation
Ceramic tile
.

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